“Chikungunya in Pakistan 2017”: Pakistan and other Asian countries are facing significant climate change.
The summers become more difficult, while the winters become lighter. The increase in temperature has fueled the emergence of many arboviral diseases in the region, including malaria and dengue.
The deplorable sanitary conditions of most Asian countries add even more fuel to the fire, providing excellent breeding grounds for arthropod vectors.
Chikungunya in Pakistan 2017:
“Chikungunya“, another arboviral disease, is spreading explosively in Karachi, Pakistan (Figure). The causal agent of the disease, the “chikungunya virus“, is transmitted by the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus).
The infection is usually symptomatic and is characterized by a sudden fever followed by severe polyarthralgia. Other common symptoms include rash, headache, nausea, fatigue, and myalgia.
Although the disease is self-limited, joint pain may persist for months to years1. In addition, many patients develop neurological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, ocular and cutaneous sequelae after acute infection2. Unfortunately, no specific or antiviral vaccine has been approved for chikungunya fever.
chikungunya in Pakistan: “What is chikungunya”?
Chikungunya is a disease caused by a virus that spreads through mosquito bites.
The most common symptoms of chikungunya are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include a headache, muscle aches, joint swelling or rash.
chikungunya in Pakistan: “Who is at risk”?
Travelers to Africa, Asia, parts of Central and South America and the islands of the Indian Ocean, Western Pacific, and the South and Caribbean are at risk. The mosquito that carries the Chikungunya virus mainly bites during the day, inside and outside, and often lives near buildings in urban areas.
What can travelers do to prevent chikungunya?
There is no vaccine or medicine to prevent chikungunya. The only way to avoid chikungunya is to avoid mosquito bites. Avoiding bites can be difficult but it is important because you can get sick after a bite. Follow these steps to reduce the risk of mosquito bites while traveling.
Prevent mosquito bites:
1-Cover all exposed skin with long-sleeved shirts and long pants and hats.
2-Use a suitable insect repellent as directed.
3-Higher percentages of active ingredient provide longer protection. Use products with the following active ingredients:
- DEET (products containing DEET containing Inactive !, Cutter, Sawyer, and Ultrathon)
- Picaridin (also known as KBR 3023, Bayrepel and Icaridin containing picaridin products include Advanced Cutter, Skin So Soft Bug Plus Guard and Autan [Outside US UU])
- Eucalyptus Lemon essence (OLE) or PMD (OLE products containing plant extracts include repulsion and externally)
- IR3535 (Products containing IR3535 Include Skin So Bug Guard Softer Shipping and SkinSmart)
4-Always follow the product instructions and reapply as follows:
- If you use sunscreen, apply sunscreen and a first-second insect repellent.
- Follow package directions when applying anti-child children. Avoid applying insect repellent to your hands, eyes, and mouth.
5-Wear permethrin-treated clothing and equipment (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents). You can buy pre-treated clothes or equipment or treat:
- Protected protective clothing remains after several washes. See the product information to find out how long the protection is.
- If you try the items yourself, carefully follow the instructions of the product.
- Do not use permethrin directly on the skin.
6-Stay and sleep in rooms with mosquito net or air conditioning.
7-Use a bed net if the area is exposed sleeping outside.
If you feel sick and think you may have chikungunya:
Talk to your doctor or nurse if you feel seriously ill, especially if you have a fever.
Tell them about your travel.
Use acetaminophen or paracetamol to treat fever and pain.
Get lots of rest, and drink plenty of liquids.
Avoid spreading the disease by preventing more mosquito bites.
Read this article also: Top 10 ways to improve your physical health.